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RACISM
Racial Violence & Midwest Jim Crow

Lynchings

The Midwest was the site of several of the most gruesome and infamous lynchings in American history.

The Midwest was the site of some 152 lynchings from 1882 to 1968, the vast majority in the lower Midwest states of Missouri, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Kansas. Midwest lynchings, though far fewer in number than in the South, were among the most gruesome and infamous in American history.

lynching of two African American men in Marion Indiana on 7 August 1930 detail, "Marion, Ind, Aug. 7, 1930"
lynching of two African American men in Marion Indiana on 7 August 1930 detail, "Marion, Ind, Aug. 7, 1930"

Lynchings

The Midwest was the site of several of the most gruesome and infamous lynchings in American history.

The Midwest was the site of some 152 lynchings from 1882 to 1968, the vast majority in the lower Midwest states of Missouri, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Kansas. Midwest lynchings, though far fewer in number than in the South, were among the most gruesome and infamous in American history.

Armed National Guards and African American men standing on a sidewalk during the race riots in Chicago, Illinois, 1919

Mass Racial Violence

Racist violence has confronted African Americans in the Midwest from the very beginning.

Cincinnati 1829. Chicago 1919. Detroit 1943 and 1967. Mass violence has been a horrific feature of Midwest history, as chronicled by Ida B. Wells in a forgotten text.

Armed National Guards and African American men standing on a sidewalk during the race riots in Chicago, Illinois, 1919

Mass Racial Violence

Racist violence has confronted African Americans in the Midwest from the very beginning.

Cincinnati 1829. Chicago 1919. Detroit 1943 and 1967. Mass violence has been a horrific feature of Midwest history, as chronicled by Ida B. Wells in a forgotten text.

Police Brutality

African Americans' resistance to the violence of enslavers and other racists during the Fugitive Slave Act era has been aided by some anti-racist Midwest allies.

The tradition of police violence and endangerment of Black Midwesterners has a history of over 200 years, dating at least to the 1829 Cincinnati Riot.

Frame from witness video, showing Derek Chauvin kneeling on George Floyd's neck while he gasps for air
Frame from witness video, showing Derek Chauvin kneeling on George Floyd's neck while he gasps for air

Police Brutality

African Americans' resistance to the violence of enslavers and other racists during the Fugitive Slave Act era has been aided by some anti-racist Midwest allies.

The 2020 murder of George Floyd and 2014 killing of Michael White in Ferguson focused national and world attention on police brutality against African Americans in the Midwest. The tradition of police violence and endangerment of Black Midwesterners has a history of over 200 years, dating at least to the 1829 Cincinnati Riot.

WARNING:

This page contains graphic images which may be disturbing to some individuals and is for mature users only. Discretion is advised.